Spanish Adjectives 

What is an adjective?

An adjective is a word that describes or clarifies a noun that goes with it. If, for instance, you want to describe 'una casa', a house, you can say:

 

Una casa blanca

A white house

Una casa grande

A big house

 

Una casa bonita

A beautiful house

Notice that the Spanish adjectives 'blanca', 'grande' and 'bonita' are placed after the noun, unlike the English adjectives white, big and beautiful that are placed before the noun. 

Most Spanish adjectives are placed after the noun they describe.

Spanish Adjective endings

 

Adjectives change their ending depending on whether the word they modify is masculine or femenine; singular or plural. 

Most adjectives follow the rules below. 

Masculine

 Singular    

Femenine

 Singular   

-o
-a
el coche blanco
the white car 
la casa blanca
the white house

Masculine

   Plural 

-os
los coches blancos
the white cars 

Femenine

   Plural  

-as
las casas blancas
the white houses

Masculine/ Femenine

         Singular

-e
El hombre inteligente
The intelligent man
La mujer inteligente
The intelligent woman

Masculine/Femenine

          Plural

Los hombres inteligentes
The intelligent men
Las mujeres inteligentes
The intelligent women
-es

Masculine/ Femenine

         Singular

consonant
El hombre especial
The special man
La mujer especial
The special woman

Masculine/Femenine

          Plural

Los hombres especiales
The special men
Las mujeres especiales
The special women
consonant + es
When to use  Primer - Primero
                    Tercer - Tercero
                    Buen - Bueno
                    Mal - Malo
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