Spanish Gender of Nouns 

In Spanish nouns can either be masculine or femenine.

El libro the book (masculine)

La mesa the table femenine)

The ending of a noun indicates whether a noun is masculine or femenine. Bear in mind, though, that there are exceptions. 

Masculine

            Noun ending in
              -o/-or/-aje
El libro, el instructor, el aprendizaje
 
The book, the instructor, the learning

Feminine

                Noun ending in
                     -a/-ción
La casa, la dirección
 
The university, the house, the room 
Some masculine and femenine nouns can share the same ending

Masculine/Feminine

            Noun ending in
              -e/-consonant
La clase, la universidad
The class the university

Here you have some common exceptions to the rules.

el mapa

el idioma

el sofá

el problema 

el día

Masculine

Feminine

La radio

La carpeta

La reunión

la mano

la calle

Tip!

Every time you learn a new noun, make sure you learn whether it is a masculine or a femine noun. Which means, rather than learning a noun, i.e. 'casa', by itself, you learn 'la casa'.

 

La casa = the house. 

Always learn a new noun in a context (phrase or sentence). It's much easier to remember and you have more chances to use it in the future. 

     El libro es interesante.

    The book is interesting.

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